About Armenia

Come Home Again, to Armenia

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History

One of the amazing things about visiting Armenia is that the more you look around, the older the place gets.

Recent History in Armenia starts in the 4th c. CE, when the Armenian king adopted Christianity, and then goes back to the time Alexander the Great began his conquest of the known world. Just Getting Started History begins with the first great Ancestral Armenian Empire, Urartu, which rose around 1250 BC, a potent rival to the Assyrians and Babylonians.

Then there is the Getting Old History, which begins at the time of Troy, goes past the Old Dynasty era to the Cradle of Civilization, when humans created the first cities, discovered the wheel, and uncovered the secrets of copper, bronze and iron. Armenian excavations trace human development at significant Bronze and Iron Age sites on the Black Sea Silk Road Corridor (see Erebuni, Carahunge/Dzorats Kar, LIST HERE)

But what really grabs, is that Armenia’s history keeps going back, tens of thousands of years, to the Stone Age, the Paleolithic Era, when some of the oldest pictograms discovered are carved on the sides of mountains.  Forerunners of the Indo-European language, these markings show a time when mankind first pictured the world as round, when they began to create the constellations of the zodiac and divided time into months, weeks and days. (see Ughtasar, LIST HERE)

Lying on the main trade routes between Asia and Mesopotamia in the South, and the Mediterranean in the West, Ancestral Armenian cultures were the focus of countless conflicts over territory.   

For thousands of years, Ancestral Armenians and their descendants were in constant contact with neighboring or invading cultures - Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Parthians, Arabs, Mongols, Ottomans and Russians each held sway over Armenia’s lands in some way or other.

Armenians succeeded in preserving their ethnic identity, creating a unique culture that, while borrowing from surrounding or ruling cultures, never lost its essential nature, so that it is possible to trace the roots of Armenia’s culture to the earliest of times. And, perhaps most surprising of all, as archeologists continue to uncover strata of history going back 1-2 million years, it is becoming apparent that the ‘conquering’ empires got more from the Armenians than they gave.


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Implementation of the BSSRC project in Armenia and development of the BSSRC web portal and mobile applications were co-funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Enterprise Development and Market Competitiveness (EDMC) project. The contents of the web portal and mobile applications are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.

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