Amberd Castle Flora

The trail between Yerevan and up Mt. Aragats to Nor Amberd and Amberd Fortress takes in a part of Armenia with extraordinary contrasts; covering a series of vegetation zones from semi-desert to steppe and Alpine zones with carpets of flowers.

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Amberd - Aragats Flower Trail

The trail between Yerevan and up Mt. Aragats  to Nor Amberd and Amberd Fortress takes in a part of Armenia with extraordinary contrasts; covering a series of vegetation zones from semi-desert to steppe and Alpine zones with carpets of flowers.

Near the fork in the road leading to Amberd fortress, at an altitude of 2300-2400 m close to the road amongst the rocks and in meadows, there are large numbers of beautiful polymorphus Tulipa Julia.

Towards the end of May and in June, large flower heads of Ornihogalum gabrielianae, endemic on Mt Aragats and found only here, are clearly visible from the distance.
In the vicinity of the ruins of Amberd fortress one can see Nectaroscordum tripedale – a close relation of the onion, whose tall inflorescences wave gracefully in the breeze.

This is rarely seen plant, now listed in Armenia’s Red Book; it attracts attention by its elegantly drooping, large pink flowers which seem to be made of wax.

On grassy slopes amongst the rocks, one can find Ornithogalum transcaucasicum, O. hajastanum, O. brachystachys, Caucasian endemic Gladiolus tenuis, golden patchis of Chartolepis glastifolia, and huge flowers of Papaver pseudoorientale in large numbers.

Peak season is shown by roman numerals: II= March, IV  = April, V = May, VI = June, etc. 

  1. Armenian Snow Drop Merendera trigyna III-IV
  2. Colchicum bifolium III-IV
  3. Puschkinia scilloides III-V
  4. Golden stars Gagea III-V
  5. Dark-blue Scilla armena IV
  6. Grape Hyacinth Muscari  IV-V
  7. Bellevalia pycnantha IV-V
  8. Caucasian endemic Gladioli ( Gladiolus tenuis) VI
  9. Star of Bethlehem (Ornithogalum schelkovnikovii)  VI-VII
  10. Tomanthea (Tomanthea spectabilis) with yellow florets and violet-purple anther tubes VI-VII
  11. Ornamental Knapweeds (Chartolepis glastifolia) with golden yellow flowers VI-VII
  12. Cornflowers Centaurea polypodiifolia VI-VII
  13. Prickly Thrift Acantholimon, Astragalus VI-VII
  14. Wild Almond Amigdalus fenzliana III-IV
  15. Wild Rye  Secale montana VI-VII

 

 


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    Working period/season Year around

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    Working days Monday - Sunday

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    How to reach Amberd is about 1 hour north of Yerevan, on Mt. Aragats. Take the M-1 highway north past Ashtarak, then take the Biurakan exit and follow our signs marking the way to the site. From the highway it is about 24.9 km to the complex.

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