Khndzoresk Settlement

Old Khndzoresk cave settlement is set on the right and left slopes of about 3-km long valley. The slopes are in turn punctuated by deep gorges. According to folk etymology, the word "Khndzoresk" comes from the Armenian word “khndzor”, for apple.




The cave settlement is dated from excavations on the valley floor. Excavators found numerous bones, pottery pieces and utensils from the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages.  Pagan sites includes a temple to Anahit believed to have been part of an Hellenistic village.

Most of the caves were carved in the late Iron to medieval ages. By 1913, three thousand families lived in valley caves, making the largest village in Eastern Armenia.

The origin of the word "Khndzoresk" is uncertain, many accept it comes from the Armenian word “Khndzor”, for apple.  Another theory says the name was originally “Khor Dzor”, or Deep Canyon.

The old village was elaborately planned and well made, large homes carved deep into the limestone walls, and additional front rooms, windows, doors, porches and small gardens built in front.

Homes were stacked on top of each other, ingeniously rigged with trap doors and interconnecting tunnels, used in time of invasion to escape into hidden caves where they could hide.

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    How to reach From Yerevan drive north-east for 248km and you will reach the Khndzoresk Settlement. The trip will take approximately 3 hours 30 minutes.

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